Help Arrives: John Sartain and Donald MacDonald

“In Philadelphia I did not find work to be able to stay there [though] I had knocked at every door. 
A former professor of the [Pennsylvania] Academy [of Fine Arts], Mr. Sartain, wanted me to stay on. 
I had opened my cases and shown him my paintings without frameworks or frames. 
He complimented me with many nice promises for the future. 
[But] since the future was more than sad for me, they didn’t convince me.”

“I had spent a year in America. It was August 15, 1881, and for the first year I had absolutely
nothing that could reconcile me to that country, nor of the long-sung republic with its great
freedom . . . I was truly thinking of returning [to Paris] . . . I was sad and desolate.”

The Furness-Hewitt Building, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, in Philadelphia where Juglaris exhibited his Salon paintings in 1881

Louis Prang maintained his vendetta against Juglaris, successfully blackballing his former employee’s efforts to find work in Boston. Faced with destitution, Juglaris soon realized that he had to leave town. On the basis of an invitation to become the director and designer of a new periodical, The Ideal, he moved to Philadelphia. Unfortunately, a legal dispute between the new magazine’s partners prevented its launch. Juglaris was once again adrift without a stable job.

John Sartain, prominent Philadelphia cultural leader, shown in Masonic costume, welcomed and encouraged JuglarisWhile in Philadelphia, Juglaris was introduced to John Sartain, the head of a distinguished family of artists, printmakers and educators and one of the city’s cultural leaders. Sartain generously took Juglaris under wing and tried to persuade him to settle permanently in Philadelphia.  He arranged for the exhibition of Juglaris’s Paris Salon paintings at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts.  Later, he also facilitated the sale of one of the paintings, Paolo Veronese in Venice.  This was immensely helpful to Juglaris financially and gave him great peace of mind: he was eager to find a purchaser for the huge canvas before it was ruined from being constantly rolled and unrolled for easier and less costly transport.

Juglaris appreciated Sartain’s support and encouragement, but work remained hard to find in Philadelphia. Unexpectedly, word came from Boston that stained glass manufacturer Donald MacDonald needed an artist. Cartoon sketch by Juglaris for a stained glass window. 'The Flight into Egypt'MacDonald, whose business was not beholden to Prang in the slightest way, assured Juglaris that he could offer him a steady stream of design commissions for stained glass. Prang would not be an obstruction. Perhaps regarding the offer as a personal vindication, as well as his best bet financially, Juglaris opted for Boston over Philadelphia. 

Living in Boston again at the end of his first year in America, Juglaris was still feeling “sad and desolate,” wondering if he should return to Paris. But his fortunes were about to improve. Everything was soon looking up -- MacDonald was completely true to his word. Prang might fulminate, spewing venom and spreading slander, but there was no further real trouble from him. What followed was a long-term collaboration between MacDonald and Juglaris, which, besides being mutually lucrative, won them praise for stained glass designs for churches and other buildings in Boston, Philadelphia, and San Francisco. 

Donald MacDonald – Faithful Friend and Patron
Donald MacDonald (1841-1916) was a reliable colleague and friend to Tommaso Juglaris.  Like Juglaris, he was an immigrant.  Born in Scotland, MacDonald initially trained as a glass painter in London, England.  By the time he immigrated to the United Veritas-Window.jpgStates at the age of 22, MacDonald was already a partner in a stained glass manufacturing company.  Settling in Boston, he quickly found work with a local stained glass company.  Only four years later, he became a partner with William J. McPherson, a leading decorative painter.  Heading up the stained glass department of the W. J. McPherson Company, MacDonald produced windows for both the Appleton Chapel and Memorial Hall at Harvard College. When the W. J. McPherson Company encountered financial problems, MacDonald left to found his own successful company.  Over the course of his career, MacDonald collaborated with leading Boston artists and architects, including John LaFarge, a pioneer in opalescent stained glass; Frederic Crowninshield, a teacher at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts School; William Robert Ware, founder of the architecture school at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; H. Langford Warren, the founder of the Harvard School of Architecture; and Juglaris.  As typified by the Veritas (Western) and Virtues Windows created for Harvard College’s Memorial Hall, MacDonald early preferred non-figural stained glass designs.  However, in working with Juglaris and others, MacDonald’s factory produced large stained glass windows noted for their pictorial scenes.  Without MacDonald’s moral support and financial patronage, Juglaris would probably not have remained in Boston or the United States for a full decade.  MacDonald’s daughter Flora studied with Juglaris and later opened a business of her own as an interior designer and decorator.