Supporting Fellow Immigrants

Supporting Fellow Immigrants

"The Mayor [Thomas Hart] allowed us to use Faneuil Hall . . .Many people came there, about one thousand Italians . . ."
Italian workmen cleaning Boston streets
Italian workmen cleaning Boston streets
Boston's Faneuil Hall
Boston's Faneuil Hall where
Juglaris sought support
to educate Italian
immigrant children

While it may have been expedient to assimilate as quickly as possible into American life, Juglaris continued to take pride in his Italian heritage and identity. He maintained close friendships with prominent fellow Italians in Boston life, such as the New England Conservatory professor and composer Augusto Rotoli and the long-resident Italian Consul Count Vittorio Thaon di Revel, the scion of a politically important Turinese family. Not so surprisingly, Juglaris was among those of the local Italian community welcoming the internationally acclaimed tragedian actor Tommaso Salvini to Boston in January 1883 at an intimate evening dinner held at the Vendome near the Public Gardens. (“Personal,” October 12, 1889, 1, and “Reception to Signor Salvini,” January 5, 1883, 1, Boston Evening Transcript) But Juglaris, who had experienced the pangs of poverty in his own young life, also stepped forward and spoke up for the vastly increasing numbers of less advantaged Italian immigrants arriving in Boston after 1880. He stepped forward and spoke up for the needs of the vastly increasing numbers of Italian immigrants arriving in Boston after 1880. He was particularly concerned about the well-being of indigent widows, orphans, and, more generally, young people. At one point, joined by Boston’s Italian Consul, Juglaris led a rally at historic Faneuil Hall in support of a school he hoped to found for girls. A crowd estimated at 1,000 people heard him and the Consul speak frankly about the plight of young Italians reduced to begging and prostitution because of dire poverty and lack of opportunity. Although the ambitious school proposal failed, Juglaris donated to a smaller evening school program. Among those whom Juglaris assisted with his overall generosity was a young sculptor and future mayor of Rome, Adolfo Apolloni.

Knight's Cross awarded to Juglaris
Knight's Cross awarded to Juglaris by King Umberto I of Italy

Juglaris’s compassionate, hands-on efforts on behalf of his compatriots were so exemplary that the Italian Foreign Ministry early offered him an official vice consular position. But Juglaris refused the post. Subsequently, however, in 1885, he was honored by King Umberto I with the Knight’s Cross for his accomplishments as an artist and art educator, which brought prestige to his homeland, and for his work on behalf of Boston’s Italian community. Although Juglaris was summoned to Washington, D.C., to officially receive the order, which conferred a royal knighthood (Cavaliere dell’Ordine della Corona d’Italia or Knight of the Crown of Italy), he was too busy with his classes to travel. Consequently, the Italian ambassador dispatched a consular agent to Boston to make the formal presentation on behalf of the Kingdom of Italy. While retaining a sense of modesty, Juglaris relished the honor: it did much to enhance his reputation in America, as well as in Italy. As "Chevalier Juglaris" recalls in his memoir: "The next day all the Boston papers contained the description of my distinction and what it was and how I got it. Among the Americans it had great effect." The regal decoration made news elsewhere too. According to Baltimore’s Sunday Herald, Juglaris was “the only person in this country thus honored” with “the Order of the Crown and the title of chevalier.” (“About Noted People,” Sunday Herald, May 23, 1886, 4)

Boston Mayor Thomas Hart
Boston Mayor Thomas Hart authorized Faneuil Hall rally and attended Juglaris's luncheon

Juglaris continued to stand up for the honor and integrity of the Italian community. He was not afraid to speak truth to power. In June 1889 when the new Italian Consul-General in New York City became mired in public scandal, he was among those leading the recall campaign. Unfortunately, Juglaris encountered considerable push-back from the Consul-General and his supporters, which was widely covered by the three Italian-language papers published in the United States.

Adolfo Apolloni, sculptor
Adolfo Apolloni, sculptor and future Mayor of Rome whom Juglaris assisted as a young immigrant living in Boston

In a show of strength, intended to uphold his own reputation, locally as well as nationally, Juglaris decided to host a luncheon at Vercelli’s, the best Italian restaurant in Boston. His guest list for the occasion was impressive. Included were Massachusetts Governor Oliver Ames; Boston Mayor Thomas Hart; General Charles Loring, director of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts; Martin Brimmer, Museum president; Boston Art Club president Edgar Parker; and Boston’s own new Italian Consul, Baron Luigi Testa. Also on hand “for the champagne” were reporters from the Boston Gazette and Herald. The outcome of the controversial episode was a draw. As Juglaris explains in his memoir:

“The description of the luncheon given the next day in the newspapers put a stop to any talk on my account and [excited] great respect. [The Consul-General] did not reply to my insult and to my challenge and I too ceased all polemic on that count as well. Seeing as I had to do with people…who were outside the law it was not in my interest to deal with them. I had everything to lose and nothing to gain.”

Given his keen sense of what was right and just, Juglaris’s disappointment with the stalemate may have been one more factor in his ultimate decision to finish out his American career and return to Italy.